Public Health

Reproductive Health
Birth Control (Family Planning) Methods


Abstinence

Personal choice method
Pregnancy Prevention: 100%    
Medical Care: Yearly exam suggested    
Advantages: 100% effective against pregnancy and STDs
Considerations: A personal choice    

Condom (male or female)

Barrier Method Birth Control - condom
Pregnancy Prevention: 85-98% with the male condom
  79-95% with the female condom
Medical Care: Yearly exam suggested  
Advantages: Inexpensive and easy to purchase and use, prevents some but not all STDs
Considerations: Must apply before sexual contact, 10% breakage rate

Depo-Provera “The Shot”

Hormone Method   Birth Control - the shot
Pregnancy Prevention: 97 — 99.7%
Medical Care: injection every 10-12 weeks with a yearly exam
Advantages: May stop periods, nothing to take daily, can use while nursing
Considerations: Injection in hip or arm, Calcium supplement advised, and no protection from STDs

Diaphragm or Cervical Cap

Barrier Method   Birth Control - the shot
Pregnancy Prevention: 80-94%
Medical Care: Initially needs to be fit and refit after a pregnancy or with weight gain, also includes and yearly exam
Advantages: Non-hormonal, one time expense, some STD prevention
Considerations: Inserted before sexual contact, leave in place 6-8 hours after sex. Use with spermicidal cream.

Emergency Contraceptive Pill “Plan B” or “Morning After Pill”

Hormone Method   Birth Control - the shot
Pregnancy Prevention: 57-95% - cycle dependent
Medical Care: Yearly exam advised
Advantages: Safe, increased effectiveness if used promptly after sex, may be effective up to 120 hours, no STD protection, not reliable for ongoing birth control
Considerations: Will not harm an existing pregnancy, delaying treatment after unprotected sex is associated with decreased effectiveness. More information: 1-800-not-2-late

Implanon (Hormone Implant)

Hormone Method    
Pregnancy Prevention: 99.9%
Medical Care: Yearly exam advised
Advantages: Long term, continuous use birth control. Approved for breast feeding women. Effective for up to 3 years
Considerations: Low dose of hormone, mild discomfort upon insertion, and common to have irregular bleeding.

IUD (intra-uterine device)

Mechanical or Hormone Method Family Planning IUD
Pregnancy Prevention: Hormonal 99.9%
  Mechanical 99.2-99.4%
Medical Care: Insertion and later removal by medical provider, and a yearly exam.
Advantages: Convenient, long-lasting (5 and 10 years), can use while nursing, cost effective
Considerations: Possibly cramping or bleeding, NO STD prevention

Natural Family Planning

Personal Control Method Birth Control by Family Planning
Pregnancy Prevention: 75-88%  
Medical Care: Yearly exam suggested
Advantages: No hormones or devices
Considerations: Must be “in tune” with body, accepting of pregnancy if it occurs, no STD prevention

Nuva Ring

Hormone Method  
Pregnancy Prevention: 92-99.7%  
Medical Care: Yearly exam advised
Advantages: Once per month insertion and removal at three weeks, no delay in protection if started during the period
Considerations: Minimal potential side effects, low dose of hormone, constant level of hormones throughout the 3 weeks.

Oral Contraception “The Pill”

Hormone Method Birth Control Pill
Pregnancy Prevention: 92-99.9% when taken perfectly, decreases rapidly with missed pills.
Medical Care: A yearly exam
Advantages: Regulates periods, less bleeding and cramping
Considerations: Ability to take a pill every day, no STD prevention

Ortho-Evra “The Patch”

Hormone Method Birth Control the patch
Pregnancy Prevention: 92-99.7%
Medical Care: A yearly exam
Advantages: Ease of use, change patch once per week, regulates periods, less bleeding/cramping
Considerations: Not recommended if more than 198 pounds, no STD prevention

Spermicide

Chemical Method Birth Control Spermicide
Pregnancy Prevention: 71-82% (spermicide only) Use with a condom increases pregnancy prevention significantly.
Medical Care: Yearly exam recommended
Advantages: Use with other methods, easy to purchase and use
Considerations: Insert before any sexual contact

Sterilization

Surgical Procedure
(Vasectomy - male)
(Tubal Ligation - female)
Birth Control Surgery
Pregnancy Prevention: Vasectomy 99.9%
  Tubal Ligation 99.5%
Medical Care: Yearly exam recommended
Advantages: Reliable, convenient, considered to be permanent
Considerations: Risks of surgery, no STD prevention, no Public Health program for Tubal Ligation. Check about availability of the Vasectomy program at the Health Department.

Withdrawal

Personal Control Method  
Pregnancy Prevention: 81-96%  
Medical Care: Yearly exam advised
Advantages: No hormones or devices
Considerations: Effectiveness and reliability to prevent pregnancy depends on males age, accepting of pregnancy if it occurs, no STD prevention

 

 
 

Office Hours

Most office sites are open Monday through Friday:

8:30 a.m. to noon
1 p.m. to 5 p.m.

You can contact us at the addresses and telephone numbers below or by e-mailing our staff.

Location

Albany

Main Office   view map
2730 SE Pacific Blvd
Albany, OR 97321

Telephone: 541-967-3888 (Available 24/7 for communicable disease reporting call 541-750-0090)
FAX: 541-926-2102
Toll free: 1-800-304-7468
TTY/TTD: 1-800-735-2900

Lebanon

Office   view map
1600 S Main St
Lebanon, OR 97355

Telephone: 541-451-5932
FAX: 541-258-5704
Toll free: 1-888-451-2631

Sweet Home

Office   view map
799 Long St
Sweet Home, OR 97386

Telephone: 541-367-3888
FAX: 541-367-2407
Toll free: 1-800-920-7571

Other Resources

Current Oregon Health Hazards
Influenza Updates
Strategic Health Plan
All PH Links


index   sitemap   advanced

search engine by freefind