Public Health

Reproductive Health Programs Sexually transmitted Diseases (STD)

AIDS/HIV

Caused by: A Virus (HIV) may result in AIDS.

Symptoms:

  • Symptoms may appear months to years after contact with an HIV positive partner.
  • Impaired immune system
  • Weight loss
  • Females: vaginal yeast infections that won’t go away
  • Flu-like feelings that don’t go away
    • swollen glands
    • tiredness
    • fever
    • diarrhea
  • Skin blotches
  • Recurrent infections
  • Sore throat — white spots in the mouth

Spread by:

  • Sexual contact with infected person through vaginal, oral or anal sex.
  • IV drug users who share needles
  • Contact with infected blood
  • Pregnant women can give HIV to their newborn during pregnancy, at birth or while breast feeding.

Diagnosed by:

Blood or oral tests for HIV antibodies

Treatment goal:

No cure for HIV/AIDS but symptoms are treatable and prolong the time between HIV and AIDS.

Possible Complications:

  • Acquires infections easily
  • Pneumonia
  • Transmitted to a baby during pregnancy
  • More likely to acquire other Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Death

Bacterial Vaginosis

Caused by: Bacteria

Symptoms:

Symptoms may appear at any time

  • Moderately heavy and thick vaginal discharge
  • Men most often have no symptoms
  • Painful urination (pee)
  • Itching
  • Sharp pain during sex
  • “Fishy” odor in women

Spread by: sexual and non-sexual contact

Diagnosed by: A microscopic smear of the discharge

Treatment goal: Curable with appropriate antibiotics

Possible Complications:

  • urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • pelvic inflammatory disease

Chlamydia or NGU

Caused by: Bacteria

Symptoms:

  • Symptoms begin to appear with in 7-28 days
  • Discharge from genitals or rectum
  • Pain or burning when urinating (pee)
  • Urinate (pee) more often
  • Women may have no symptoms
  • Bleeding between periods or with sex
  • Abdominal pain
  • Possible fever or nausea
  • Drip from the penis
  • Swollen/ tender testicles

Spread by: vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has Chlamydia.

Diagnosed by: cervical culture, swab of penis, or urine testing.

Treatment goal: Curable with appropriate antibiotics

Possible Complications:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • With re-infection or if left untreated may cause damage to reproductive organs.
  • Pregnancy in the tubes
  • Sterility
  • Infection in the testicles
  • Infants may become infected during birth with
    • Pneumonia
    • Eye Infection

Genital Warts

Caused by: A Virus; HPV Vaccine available

Symptoms:

  • Mild itch and irritation
  • “Cauliflower” looking typical lesion found on genitals, anus, mouth, and/or throat
  • Symptoms may occur within 1-8 months or there maybe no symptoms.
  • Spread by: direct contact with an infected partner.

Diagnosed by: a physical exam, Pap smear for females.

Treatment goal: to decrease the number of HPV, and for cosmetic reasons.

  • Warts are treated by freezing, chemical agents, laser and/or surgical removal.
  • Virus may remain in/on the skin

Possible Complications:

  • Persistent
  • May require repeated treatment
  • Strong link to cervical cancer.
  • Can block urethra, vagina, rectum, throat
  • Mother with warts may give them to her baby during childbirth.

Gonorrhea

Caused by: Bacteria

Symptoms:

  • Symptoms begin to appear within 2-21 days
  • Discharge from genitals or rectum
  • Pain or burning when urinating (pee)
  • Urinate (pee) more often
  • Women and some men may have no symptoms
  • Cramps and pain in the lower abdomen (belly)
  • Swollen and tender testicles

Spread by: vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has Gonorrhea.

Diagnosed by: Urine culture, cervix cultured, or penis swabbed.

Treatment goal: Curable with appropriate antibiotics

Possible Complications:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease requires medical attention
  • With re-infection or if left untreated may cause damage to reproductive organs.
  • Pregnancy in the tubes
  • Heart trouble.
  • Skin disease
  • Arthritis
  • Blindness
  • May be passed to infant at birth, causing eye infection.

Hepatitis B

Caused by: A Virus; Hepatitis B Vaccine available.

Symptoms:

  • Symptoms occur 1-9 months after contact with infected person.
  • Some or no symptoms
  • Flu-like symptoms that don't go away
  • Tiredness
  • Yellow skin & eyes
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dark urine
  • Light colored stools

Spread by: direct contact with an infected partner during vaginal, oral or anal sex.

  • Sharing needles with an infected person
  • Human bite
  • Contact with infected blood

Diagnosed by: Physical exam, blood test

Treatment goal: treatment of symptoms.

Possible Complications:

  • Some recover but may still pass the virus to others.
  • Liver damage
  • Liver cancer
  • Chronic Hepatitis
  • Death
  • Newborn may acquire Hepatitis B from its mother unless treated immediately after birth.

Herpes Simplex I & II

Caused by: A Virus; No Vaccine available

Symptoms:

  • Symptoms occur 3 to 10 day after contact with infected partner.
  • Itch or burning is present before blisters appear.
  • Painful blisters/sores on genitals or mouth lasting 1-3 weeks.
  • Fever
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Some may have no symptoms

Spread by: direct contact with an infected partner during vaginal, oral or anal sex.

Diagnosed by: physical exam, culture of blisters or blood test.

Treatment goal: treatment of symptoms or outbreaks by oral or topical medications

Possible Complications:

  • Recurrent outbreaks
  • Eye infections
  • Newborn may acquire Herpes from its mother during birth, which may cause brain damage or even death.

Herpes Hotline: 1-919-361-2120


Syphilis

Caused by: Bacteria

Symptoms:

Primary Stage

  • Symptoms begin to appear with in 10-90 days
  • Chancre (painless sore) on genitals, mouth, anus
  • Sores last 2-6 weeks and continue up to 6 weeks

Secondary Stage

  • Rash on the body
  • Hair loss
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Uneasieness (for up to 2 years)

Spread by: direct contact with an infected person.

Diagnosed by: A specific blood test, smear or examination

Treatment goal: Curable with appropriate antibiotics

Possible Complications:

Late Stage

  • Brain damage
  • Paralysis
  • Heart disease
  • Blindness
  • Death
  • May cause a pregnancy miscarriage or may be transmitted to a newborn.

Trichomoniasis

Caused by: Bacteria

Symptoms:

  • Begin to appear at any time
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Peculiar odor in women
  • Men most often have no symptoms

Spread by:sexual and non-sexual contact

Diagnosed by: A microscopic smear of the discharge

Treatment goal: Curable with appropriate antibiotics, recommended for sexual partner as well.

Possible Complications:

  • Rare
  • Associated with:
    • urinary tract infection (UTI), and
    • pelvic inflammatory disease

 

 
 

Office Hours

Most office sites are open Monday through Friday:

8:30 a.m. to noon
1 p.m. to 5 p.m.

You can contact us at the addresses and telephone numbers below or by e-mailing our staff.

Location

Albany

Main Office   view map
2730 SE Pacific Blvd
Albany, OR 97321

Telephone: 541-967-3888 (Available 24/7 for communicable disease reporting call 541-750-0090)
FAX: 541-926-2102
Toll free: 1-800-304-7468
TTY/TTD: 1-800-735-2900

Lebanon

Office   view map
1600 S Main St
Lebanon, OR 97355

Telephone: 541-451-5932
FAX: 541-258-5704
Toll free: 1-888-451-2631

Sweet Home

Office   view map
799 Long St
Sweet Home, OR 97386

Telephone: 541-367-3888
FAX: 541-367-2407
Toll free: 1-800-920-7571

Other Resources

Current Oregon Health Hazards
Influenza Updates
Strategic Health Plan
All PH Links


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