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  Linn County Juvenile Department © 2011                                                                            Email Webmaster                                                                                                  http://www.co.linn.or.us/




        

Linn County Juvenile Department


JUVENILE JUSTICE TERMS & DEFINITIONS


REFERRAL: A police report is sent to the Linn  County Juvenile Department through the reporting law enforcement agency.


CUSTODY: When a youth is detained by a law enforcement agency because an officer has probable cause to believe a felony or misdemeanor crime has been committed, a statute has been violated, or the youth has a warrant out for their arrest.


DETENTION: Temporary and safe custody in a secure setting, of juveniles ( under age 18 ) who require a restricted environment for their own protection or the community’s protection while pending legal action.


PROBATION OFFICER: This person will determine how the case should be handled based on reviewing police reports, interviewing the youth and family, as well as other resources. The Probation Officer also supervises the conditions and terms of a youth’s status with the Juvenile Department and makes on-going decisions regarding treatment or service needs.


INTAKE: The point when a Probation Officer meets with a youth and family to gather information in order to assist in the decision making process.


PRELIMINARY HEARING: First court hearing in a case to give the juvenile formal notice of the charges and of his/her rights, to determine whether the juvenile has an attorney and if necessary, to appoint one.


ADJUDICATION: A court hearing where a Judge finds a youth responsible for committing a crime. The decision is made either because the youth admits to a charge, or is found responsible by a Judge through a court trial.


STATUS OFFENSE: An offense that is only considered an offense because the person is a minor ( I.E. smoking, or staying out past curfew. )


MISDEMEANOR: Levels of crimes that are less serious than felonies.

FELONY: The most serious levels of crimes.


PROBATION: Court ordered conditions and expectations of behavior resulting from a youth being found responsible for violating the law.


DISTRICT ATTORNEY: An attorney who is employed by the county, and who is responsible for prosecuting people who are charged with a crime.


BALLOT MEASURE 11: Oregon ballot measure that requires the court to impose a mandatory minimum sentence for a person 15 years or older found guilty of a specific crime and for which the person will be processed in the adult justice system.

JUVENILE TERM

SIMILAR ADULT TERM

Juvenile Department

Probation Department

Taken into Custody

Arrested

Preliminary Hearing

Arraignment

Disposition

Sentencing

Adjudicated

Found Guilty / Convicted

Detention

Jail

Youth Correctional Facility

Prison